The great Urdu / Persian poet Mirza Ghalib immortalized the mango in his beautiful poetic verses in the 19th century, describing it as the “King of Fruits” and extolling virtues such as its exotic fragrance and honey-sweetness. This shines at all feasts, both for the wealthy and the poor.
Mangoes are not only the National Fruit of Pakistan, they are also part of culture, a networking device, a social bonding instrument, and a diplomatic emissary worthy of being gifted to dignitaries all over the world.
Pakistan world’s fourth largest mangos exporter
To enjoy Pakistani mangoes one does not have to fly all the way to Pakistan; they are readily available in most grocery stores worldwide. Pakistan produces nearly one million tons of mangoes a year and ranks as the world’s fourth-largest exporter.
Pakistani mangoes are consumed mostly in the consumer segment of ethnic (Asia), but there is an increasing pattern of exports to North America and Europe, premium import markets with a 62 percent share of global mango imports. Mangoes’ export potential continues to grow due to improved planting, processing, packaging, and marketing processes. In Pakistan, where people seek ways to beat the searing summer heat, delicious mangoes keep them cool and fresh.
The rising summer temperatures often coincide with mango crop harvests. The sights and sounds of vendors hawking piles of fluffy, sweet-smelling mangoes, or pureeing them to make cooling drinks that characterize summer in Pakistan to cut through the scorching sun. Mango sales have increased dramatically with the start of summer, and with increased sales, mango prices have risen and are being sold anywhere from streets to all major shopping malls at Rs. 100 to Rs. 300.
Types of Pakistani Mangos
The renowned Chaunsa variety has arrived at this time of year, following on from the earlier ripening Sindhari. They are considered to be only two of 1595 recognized mango varieties. Other varieties produced commercially in Pakistan include Langra, Dasehri, Anwar Ratool, Samar Bahisht and desi.
Sindhri is a very popular variety of mango from Pakistan, and among the world’s best mangoes. The flesh of Langra mango is fiberless, yellowish brown in colour, and has a heavy aroma when it matures
Pakistan exports mangoes of approximately a dozen varieties, including Sindhri, Summer Chaunsa, White Chaunsa (late variety), Fajri, Ratawala/112 (late variety), Kaiser, Anwar Ratol and Lal Badshah. among 1595 recognized mango varieties, only 25 to 30 are commercially produced.
The king’s varieties of fruits produced in Pakistan include Chaunsa, Sindhri, Langra, Dasei, Anwar Ratool, Saroli, Samar Bahisht, Toota Pari, Fajri, Neelum, Alphanso, Almas, Sanwal, Surkha, Sunera, and Desi. It is now grown in a number of places around the world, but originates in Rahim Yar Khan and Multan in Punjab and it is unusually sweet, with a wonderful fragrance, and has delicious, soft, succulent flesh with a minimum fiber content. It may not look like a thing of beauty from the outside — it usually has a bland, matte-yellow appearance — but beneath the thin peel lies a joy waiting to be discovered.
While many regard the Chaunsa as the best mango, every Pakistani variety tastes sublime. It’s likewise a very flexible fruit. Eaten with a paratha, this renders a perfect meal. A morning curd shake (Mango Lassi) offers an energy boost that will help you see through the day.
Famous Mangos in Pakistan
- Anwar Ratool
- Samar Bahisht
- Toota Pari
World Wide Mangos Production:
More than 90 countries in the world grow Mangoes. Global production of the Mango has doubled in the past thirty years. Asia, where the Mango is native, is the largest Mango producer, representing 77% of global production, followed by the Americas with 13% and Africa with 10%. On the Asian continent, India and Pakistan where the Mango is considered the king of fruits, ranks first among world’s Mango producing countries accounting for about 50% of the world’s Mango production, followed by China, and Thailand, In America, Mexico and Brazil are the largest producers of Mangos. The main African Mango producing country is Nigeria followed by Egypt. World top 10 Mango producing countries are given below:
World top 10 Mango Producing Counters
Rank Country Production (Tonnes)
1 India 16,337,400
2 China 4,351,593
3 Thaliand 2,550,600
4 Pakistan 1,784,300
5 Mexico 1,632,650
6 Indonesia 1,313,540
7 Brazil 1,188,910
8 Banfladesh 1,047,850
9 Nigeria 850,000
10 Philippines 82,357
Source: Faostat Database (FAO), United Nations.
Country-wise Export of Mango
Pakistan mainly exports Mango to Afghanistan, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE and Germany. UAE is the largest importer with market share of about 34% while Oman and Saudi Arabia are second and third largest importers with shares of 8% and 7% respectively. Country-wise export of Mango are given below:
- Saudi Arabia