History of AJK
After the partition of Sub-Continent in 1947, the princely States were given the option of joining either India or Pakistan. However, Hari Singh, the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir, wanted Jammu and Kashmir to remain independent.
In order to buy some time, he signed a stand-still agreement, which sidestepped the agreement that each princely State would join either India or Pakistan. In view of geographical, religious and historical links the people of Jammu & Kashmir state demanded freedom, instead, they entered into an unfortunate conspiracy with the Hindu leadership and acceded to India. This sparked the liberation movement of the Muslim population of the State against the Dogra and Indian forces in Kashmir.
As a result of this freedom movement, a part of the State was liberated from the Dogra-cum-fabian domination in October 1947 and named Azad State of Jammu & Kashmir. It has its own elected President, Prime Minister, Legislature, High Court, Supreme Court, and Official Flag.
Geography and climate of Azad Jammu & Kashmir
The northern part of Azad Jammu and Kashmir encompasses the lower area of the Himalayas, including Jamgarh Peak (4,734 meters). However, Sarwaali Peak” (6326 meters) in Neelum Valley is the highest peak in the State.
Fertile, green, mountainous valleys are characteristic of Azad Kashmir’s geography, making it one of the most beautiful regions of the Subcontinent. The region receives rainfall in both the winter and the summer. Muzaffarabad and Pattan are among the wettest areas of Pakistan.
Throughout most of the region, the average rainfall exceeds 1400 mm, with the highest average rainfall occurring near Muzaffarabad (around 1800 mm). During the summer season, monsoon floods of the rivers Jhelum and Neelum are common due to extreme rains and snow melting.
People & Culture of AJK
Azad Jammu and Kashmir is a fascinating land of people, languages & culture. The texture of the present population is composed of races claiming their descent from Semitic, Mongoloid, Aryans, Persians, and Turks& Arabs. The people of districts Kotli, Mirpur & Bhimber are sturdy, simple, truthful and deeply attached to their land.
The culture of this area resembles to that of the adjoining area of Punjab. The people of districts Poonch, Bagh, Haveli & Sudhnoti are adventure loving and there are numerous anecdotes of their matchless valor as well as inspiring sacrifices for freedom.
While Muzaffarabad District has its own distinctive culture. The people of the State are intelligent ingenious, hardworking, dynamic & skillful.
The State of Jammu and Kashmir embodies the poetry of nature, which no human language can interpret in words. Majestic ice-capped mountains, verdant woods, lively rivers, and placid lakes form the landscape of the state. Its snow-covered peaks, dense forests, winding rivers, turbulent foaming streams, wheat scented valleys, velvet green plateaus and climate varying from arctic to tropical, all join together to make it an excellent tourist attraction. Valleys like:
- Sudhan Gali
- Mehmood Gali
- Devi Gali
- Ganga Choti
- Valley Binah
- Khoi Ratta
- Tata Pani
- Mangla lake
unfold delightful scenic beauty and provide a feast of pleasure to a discerning tourist’s eyes.
Azad Kashmir is also blessed with a varied mountainous landscape ranging from low hills to high mountains (2000 to 6000 meters) most suitable for soft to medium adventure tourism. The area provides excellent opportunities for rock climbing, trekking, mountaineering, summer camping, and hikes. Moreover blessed with a large number of rivers and streams, the state offers great potential for white water sports like rafting, canoeing, and kayaking.
AZAD JAMMU & KASHMIR
Tourism has established itself as an important industry in the world. It has proved its effectiveness in economic uplift as well as in introducing historical and traditional heritages.
Besides other benefits, Tourism is a growth industry and grows faster than most other exports oriented industries. The tourism industry may promote a better image of the country and thereby enable it to achieve other objectives. Tourism can be an instrument of a process of transferring wealth from richer parts to the poorer parts of the country and securing more equitable distribution of wealth.
In Azad Jammu & Kashmir potential-wise, after hydropower, tourism can be described as the other main resource.
Tourism in Azad Jammu & Kashmir
Azad Kashmir is bestowed by nature with exquisite natural beauty and has great potential for the development of tourism. The picturesque beauty of its valleys, dense forests, winding rivers, turbulent foaming streams, majestic towering mountains, bracing Climate, historical & cultural heritage, holistic shrines & festivals and diversity of flora and fauna all go together to make it an excellent tourist resort.
The area is full of a variety of landscapes. Hiking and tracking sites, trout fishing in the frozen waters of the Neelum River and the remains of the Buddhist civilization in the Sharda Valley are other areas of tourist attraction.
The beautiful woodwork, the famous Kashmiri handicrafts, traditional Kashmiri foods and above all a clean and pristine environment present other areas of delight for the tourists on this ‘heaven on earth’. The custom rich and traditional Society of AJK is also a subject of anthropological value. The State of Azad Jammu & Kashmir contributes a distinctive cultural entity developed by its people, which is profoundly different from the rest of the Sub-Continent.
Its mountain terrain and wide valleys decanted harsh terms on the development of its culture. This is why the people of Azad Jammu & Kashmir have developed into a persistent hard-working, nonaggressive race that leads to a simple & frugal life. Their dances, music, dress, traditions, jewelry, handicrafts and performing arts all are windows to their character.
Main Tourist Attraction
|District||Tourist Attraction (For Domestic Tourist)||Tourist Attraction(For Foreign Tourist)||Roadside Facilities|
|Distt. Neelum||Kutton, Jagran Valley, Thorian, Authmuqaam, Raota, Keran,Upper Neelum, Karka, Baboon, Kuttan Gali, Patlian Lake, Rati Gali, Tehjiyan, Dosut, Sharda, Surgan Valley, Kel, Arang Kel, Shoanther Valley, Shoanther lake, Chitta Katha lake, Sarwali Peak, Machal waterfall, Kel Seri, Sardari Halmat, Nikro, Cream abad, Tao Butt||**||Seemari|
|Distt. Muzaffarabad||Muzaffarabad, Pirchanasi, Shaheed Gali, Danna, Serikot, Dhani Mai Sahiba, Bhara Deri, Red Fort, Junction of Neelum Jhelum Rivers, Pir Hisemaar, Subrikot, Nanga Mali, Khetar Gali, Qabar wali Gali,||Muzaffarabad city , Pirchanasi, Shaheed Gali, Danna||Niaz pura. Pir chinasi Arlian Dhani|
|District Hattian||Chikkar, Dao Khan, Leepa Valley. Chananian, Nokot, Loon Bangla, Chum, Chikar, Zalzal Lake, Garhi Dupata||Chikkar, Dao Khan||Dhani Baqalan Jashkolan|
|Distt. Bagh||Sudden Gali, Dana, Dheerkot, Neela Butt,Ganga Choti, Neeza Peer, Peer Kanthi, Sheru Dhara, Nanga Peer,Chitra Topi, Jaglari,||Sudden gali, Dheerkot, Neela Butt||Chamankot Ghaziabad Upper Dhuli|
|District Haveli||Lasdanna, Ali abad, Haji peer,Mehmood gali,Badori, Khurshid abad, Khawaja Bandi||**||Doomgala|
|District Poonch & Sudhnoti||Rawalakot, Banjonsa, Koian, Toli pir, Ghori mar and Tatta Pain,Nagashwar, Pothi Balla, Jandali Top, Topa, Kherian, Bheeren, Divar, Kot Mattay Khan, Devi Gali, Hussain kot, Khushian Behk, Bilala Potha, Saran ni hil, Gurdawara and Daihra,||Rawlakot, Banjonsa, Koian, Toli pir, Ghori mar , Tatta Pani ,Nagashwar||Shaheed Gala Rehara|
|Distt. Kotli||Kotli,Sarda,Fateh Pur, Khoi Ratta, Banah Valley, Sehnsa and Teenda||Kotli,Sarda,Fateh Pur, Khoi Ratta, Banah Valley||Kulri Rajdhani|
|Distt. Mirpur & Distt. Bhimber||Mirpur, Mangla, Ramkot fort, Baghsar, Jhandi Chontra & Samahni Valley.||Mirpur city, Ramkot fort, Baghsar, Jhandi Chontra||Lehri Head Jatlan Head Dhaan Gali|
TOURIST INFORMATION CENTERS:
|Entry Point||Tourist Welcome Booth||Adjacent(Relevant) Districts||Distance from Islamabad ( In Kilometer)||Contacts Numbers|
|Bararkot||Near Bararkot Police Check point||Muzaffarabad,Neelum,Hattian||53(Abbotabad)||53(Abbotabad)|
|Kohala||Near Kohala Bridge||Muzaffarabad ,Bagh,Havelli||108||
|Azad Pattan||Rawalakot,Sudhnoti||80||05824 920123|
|Mangla||Mirpur ,Kotli,Bhember||116||05827 926001|
|Dhaan Gali||Dudyal,Mirpur||62||05827 926001|
|Muzaffarabad /Hattian||05822 921317|
AJK TOURISM POLICY 2019
The Government of Azad State of Jammu & Kashmir approved the Tourism Policy 2019 for enhancing the tourism development in AJK.
The approved Tourism Policy is as follow;
Data and information collected from AJK Tourism and Archaeology Department